The Malacian Army.
Until the end of the 19thCentury the Malacian Army was a small volunteer infantry force equipped with breech-loading Martini-Henry rifles of ∙577" calibre, with artillery and engineering support. The artillery consisted almost solely of horse-drawn 12pdr guns.
In the opening years of the 20thCentury the government agreed to the army's request to adopt a bolt-action magazine rifle. After a series of competetive trials the Mauser Kar98 was chosen, but because of the growing European tensions the German government declined to sell the rifles to Malacia. This was partly because of their wish to keep supplies of arms for their own army but also because they saw Malacia as a British ally; the Malacian army thus adopted the Lee-Enfield rifle.
After the First World War the Malacian army purchased surplus British SMLE rifles, Lewis guns and 18pdr field guns. They also obtained a few MkIV tanks, some whippets and some gun carriers along with a small amount of heavy artillery.
During the late 1920s the army bought the Independent and some Medium C tanks, and in the mid 1930s they obtained a few Russian T35 tanks.
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Last updated: 23rd February 2012.
Copyright SR Jenkins, February 2012.